The Clinton School

is an unbuilt project in the South Bronx, New York, that was designed as part of the New Schools for New York program. The program was brought about to discuss both why small schools are important in helping children learn, and the benefits of integrating schools into the neighborhood. It challenged the preconception of “economies of scale”; traditional policy in New York and many other school districts has been to consolidate small schools into larger schools of 2000-5000 students each. Arguments presented ague that an effective school nurtures the spirit, curiosity and determination of a child, as well as providing a climate that is emotionally stabilizing and encourages academic interest. (New Schools) Many Architects presented designs. The solution by Roy Strickland, August Shaefer, and Caoline Carson is presented here.

    The Morrisania site is irregularly sloped up from Clinton Avenue, and is surrounded by vacant lots and buildings which are beginning to be rehabilitated. The vacant, fifteen city-owned blocks are two blocks south of Crotona Park, in a residential neighborhood. The neighborhood that has large school dropout rates, low academic testing scores, many recent immigrants, and high incidence of teen pregnancy. Thus the students are particularly in need of a school environment that helps them to be at ease. or even acts as a sanctuary from the real world.

    The Program calls for a Kindergarten through 12 grade school divided into elementary, middle and high school. It also requires a [more...]


The fifteen lots in this site are vacant and city-owned with the exception of lots 43 and 47 which are vacant but privately held. An R6 residential district is appropriate for medium density housing. FAR for R6 ranges form .78 to 2.43. The higher FAR is granted for new buildings that provide more open space. At an FAR of 2.43, for new residential buildings, the open space must equal 33.5% of the total buildable square feet possible at that FAR. At a lower FAR, the percentage of required open space decreases to 27.5%. The maximum potential square footage using an FAR of 2.43 for the study site is 127,422.04 square feet. R6 also requires for a narrow street on initial setback distance of 20 feet. Please consult the City Zoning Resolution for additional bulk and lot coverage regulations.

The lots with frontage on Clinton Avenue slope up irregularly as they stretch back from the street The two lots fronting on Franklin Avenue are at a higher elevation than the Clinton Avenue lots. The site, two blacks south of Crotona Park, is in a residential neighborhood, with some occupied housing, many vacant, rubble-strewn lots, and abandoned buildings beginning to be rehabilitated.

Directly across Clinton Avenue from the study site are several vacant lots. Lots 23, 26, 29, and 31 in Block 2934 are city-owned and may be considered for purposes of the study as open space or play space for the study site.


(sq. ft.)
634 Jefferson Place 34 25.00 x 145.60 3650
636 Jefferson Place 35 25.00 x 145.60 3650
638 Jefferson Place 36 67.06 x 72.58 6318.8
1337 Clinton Avenue 48 58.01 x 100.00 5801
1341 Clinton Avenue 47 22.80 x 82.66 1998.6
1343 Clinton Avenue 46 23.00 x 82.66 2016.2
1345 Clinton Avenue 45 24.80 x 137.51 3410.2
1347 Clinton Avenue 44 25.00 x 137.46 3436.5
1349 Clinton Avenue 43 25.00 x 137.41 3435.3
1351 Clinton Avenue 42 25.00 x 137.36 3434
1353 Clinton Avenue 41 24.79 x 87.36 2165.6
1355 Clinton Avenue 40 24.23 x 87.31 2115.5
1357 Clinton Avenue 39 24.00 x 87.26 2094.2
1348 Franklin Avenue 19 22.20 x 195.00 4329
1350 Franklin Avenue 20 23.60 x 195.00 4602

Total area of 15 lots = 52,437 square feet

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